Biodegradable Polyurethane Carrying Antifoulants for Inhibition of Marine Biofouling

Publication year: 2014
Authors: Jielin Ma †, Chunfeng Ma *†, Yun Yang †, Wentao Xu †, and Guangzhao Zhang *†‡

 Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China
 Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, People’s Republic of China

Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2014, 53 (32), p. 12753–12759
doi: 10.1021/ie502147t

Biodegradable polyurethane with N-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)maleimide (TCPM) pendant groups has been prepared via a combination of a thiol–ene click reaction and a condensation reaction. The TCPM moieties acting as antifoulants are released as the polyurethane degrades in the marine environment. The biodegradation and hydrolyzation of the polyurethane were investigated by use of quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and hydrolysis experiments. It shows both the enzymatic degradation rate and the hydrolyzation rate decrease with TCPM content, which facilitates increasing the duration of the polyurethane. Marine field tests reveal that the polyurethane has good antifouling ability since the degradation leads to a self-renewal surface and the release of the antifoulants is controlled.

MP-SPR keywords: Enzymatic degradation, mass loss of the film, polyurethane with TCPM pendant groups, seawater