Ultra-low HIV-1 p24 detection limits with a bioelectronic sensor

Publication year: 2020
Authors: Macchia E. 12, Sarcina L. 1, Picca R.A. 1, Manoli K. 1, Di Franco C. 1, Scamarcio G. 34 Torsi L. 125
Published in: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2020, Vol. 412, p. 811–818
doi: 10.1007/s00216-019-02319-7

Early diagnosis of the infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is vital to achieve efficient therapeutic treatment and limit the disease spreading when the viremia is at its highest level. To this end, a point-of-care HIV-1 detection carried out with label-free, low-cost, and ultra-sensitive screening technologies would be of great relevance. Herein, a label-free single molecule detection of HIV-1 p24 capsid protein with a large (wide-field) single-molecule transistor (SiMoT) sensor is proposed. The system is based on an electrolyte-gated field-effect transistor whose gate is bio-functionalized with the antibody against the HIV-1 p24 capsid protein. The device exhibits a limit of detection of a single protein and a limit of quantification in the 10 molecule range. This study paves the way for a low-cost technology that can quantify, with single-molecule precision, the transition of a biological organism from being “healthy” to being “diseased” by tracking a target biomarker. This can open to the possibility of performing the earliest possible diagnosis.

MP-SPR keywords: adsorbed mass, antibody binding on gold, biosensor