Surface plasmon resonance biosensor for enzymatic detection of small analytes

Publication year: 2017
Authors: Miyazaki C.M., Shimizu F.M., Mejía-Salazar J.R., Oliveira O.N., Ferreira M.
Affiliations:

Universidade Federal de São Carlos-Campus Sorocaba-São Paulo, Brazil

Published in: Nanotechnology, 2017, Vol. 28(14), p. 145501
doi: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa6284

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensing is based on the detection of small changes in the refractive index on a gold surface modified with molecular recognition materials, thus being mostly limited to detecting large molecules. In this paper, we report on a SPR biosensing platform suitable to detect small molecules by making use of the mediator-type enzyme microperoxidase-11 (MP11) in layer-by-layer films. By depositing a top layer of glucose oxidase or uricase, we were able to detect glucose or uric acid with limits of detection of 3.4 and 0.27 μmol l-1, respectively. Measurable SPR signals could be achieved because of the changes in polarizability of MP11, as it is oxidized upon interaction with the analyte. Confirmation of this hypothesis was obtained with finite difference time domain simulations, which also allowed us to discard the possible effects from film roughness changes observed in atomic force microscopy images. The main advantage of this mediator-type enzyme approach is in the simplicity of the experimental method that does not require an external potential, unlike similar approaches for SPR biosensing of small molecules. The detection limits reported here were achieved without optimizing the film architecture, and therefore the performance can in principle be further enhanced, while the proposed SPR platform may be extended to any system where hydrogen peroxide is generated in enzymatic reactions.


MP-SPR keywords: biosensor, computation (FDTD) simulation, detection is based on H2O2 being generated and reduced by enzyme, enzyme, enzyme improved biosensing, glucose detection, layer-by-layer (LbL), polyelectrolytes, small molecule detection, uric acid detection