Surface Plasmon Resonance Assay for Label-Free and Selective Detection of Xylella Fastidiosa

Publication year: 2021
Authors: Sarcina L. 1, Macchia E. 2, Loconsole G. 3, D'Attoma G. 3, Saldarelli P. 3, Elicio V. 4, Palazzo G. 1, Torsi L. 1,2

1 - Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita’ degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, 70125 Bari, Italy
2 - Faculty of Science and Engeneering, Åbo Akademi University, 20500 Turku, Finland
3 - Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection CNR, 70124 Bari, Italy
4 - Agritest Srl, Tecnopolis Casamassima (BA), 70010, Italy

Published in: Advanced NanoBiomed Research, 2021, p. 2100043
doi: 10.1002/anbr.202100043

Xylella fastidiosa is among the most dangerous plant bacteria worldwide causing a variety of diseases, with huge economic impact on agriculture and environment. A surveillance tool, ensuring the highest possible sensitivity enabling the early detection of X. fastidiosa outbreaks, would be of paramount importance. So far, a variety of plant pathogen biomarkers are studied by means of surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Herein, multiparameter SPR (MP-SPR) is used for the first time to develop a reliable and label-free detection method for X. fastidiosa. The real-time monitoring of the bioaffinity reactions is provided as well. Selectivity is guaranteed by biofunctionalizing the gold transducing interface with polyclonal antibodies for X. fastidiosa and it is assessed by means of a negative control experiment involving the nonbinding Paraburkholderia phytofirmans bacterium strain PsJN. Limit of detection of 105 CFU mL−1 is achieved by transducing the direct interaction between the bacterium and its affinity antibody. Moreover, the binding affinity between polyclonal antibodies and X. fastidiosa bacteria is also evaluated, returning an affinity constant of 3.5 × 107 m−1, comparable with those given in the literature for bacteria detection against affinity antibodies.

MP-SPR keywords: Au sensor slide, bacteria detection, biosensor development, SAM, self-assembly monolayer