An investigation of the synergistic effect between magnetite nanoparticles and polypyrrole in nanostructured layer‐by‐layer films

Publication year: 2020
Authors: de Lima L. 1,2, Maciel C. 3, Ferreira A. 1, Rubira R. 4, Constantino C. 4, Ferreira M. *1 1M.

1 - Center of Science and Technology for Sustainability (CCTS), Federal University of Sao Carlos (UFSCar), Sorocaba, SP, Brazil
2 - Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil
3 - Sao Paulo State University Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Sorocaba, SP, Brazil
4 - Sao Paulo State University Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil

Published in: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2020
doi: 10.1002/app.49750

In this paper, we report the controlled fabrication of layer‐by‐layer (LbL) films deposited on gold substrates with three different supramolecular architectures using polypyrrole (Ppy) and magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4‐np), besides conventional poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) e poly(vinyl sulfonic acid) (PVS) polyelectrolytes, demonstrating the synergistic effect between Ppy and Fe3O4‐np such as a result of their interaction. Modified gold electrodes were analyzed by contact angle (wettability), surface plasmon resonance (SPR), raman spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The (Fe3O4‐np/Ppy)3 architecture was also evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. The modified gold electrodes present more homogeneous covering, higher electron transfer and a decrease of resistance with the incorporation of the nanostructured materials such as Ppy and Fe3O4‐np forming (Fe3O4‐np/Ppy)3 LbL film. The results carried out in this study suggest that the (Fe3O4‐np/Ppy)3 LbL film can be applied as a possible electrochemical or optical non‐enzymatic sensor for analytical detection.

MP-SPR keywords: biosensor development, layer-by-layer (LbL), magnetite nanoparticles, methylparaben detection, polymer, refractive index, thickness