Control of the Morphology of Lipid Layers by Substrate Surface Chemistry

Publication year: 2014
Authors: Niko Granqvist *†, Marjo Yliperttula †, Salla Välimäki ‡, Petri Pulkkinen ‡, Heikki Tenhu ‡, and Tapani Viitala *†

† - Faculty of Pharmacy, Division of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, and
‡ - Faculty of Chemistry, Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 55, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

Published in: Langmuir, 2014, Vol. 30 (10), p. 2799–2809
doi: 10.1021/la4046622

In this study, surface coatings were used to control the morphology of the deposited lipid layers during vesicle spreading, i.e., to control if liposomes self-assemble on a surface into a supported lipid bilayer or a supported vesicular layer. The influence of the properties of the surface coating on formation of the deposited lipid layer was studied with quartz crystal microbalance and two-wavelength multiparametric surface plasmon resonance techniques. Control of lipid self-assembly on the surface was achieved by two different types of soft substrate materials, i.e., dextran and thiolated polyethylene glycol, functionalized with hydrophobic linkers for capturing the lipid layer. The low-molecular-weight dextran-based surface promoted formation of supported lipid bilayers, while the thiolated polyethylene glycol-based surface promoted supported vesicular layer formation. A silicon dioxide surface was used as a reference surface in both measurement techniques. In addition to promoting supported lipid bilayer formation of known lipid mixtures, the dextran surface also promoted supported lipid bilayer formation of vesicles containing the cell membrane extract of human hepatoblastoma cells. The new dextran-based surface was also capable of protecting the supported lipid bilayer against dehydration when exposed to a constant flow of air. The well-established quartz crystal microbalance technique was effective in determining the morphology of the formed lipid layer, while the two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance analysis enabled further complementary characterization of the adsorbed supported lipid bilayers and supported vesicular layers.

MP-SPR keywords: lipids, refractive index, supported lipid bilayer, supported lipid vesicle layer, thickness