Effects of Composition of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Based Mixed Monolayers on Peptide Grafting and Human Immunoglobulin Detection

Publication year: 2014
Authors: Islam N. †, Gurgel P.V. †, Rojas O.J. †‡, Carbonell R.G. †§
Affiliations:
 - Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States
 - School of Chemical Technology, Department of Forest Products Technology, Aalto University, P.O. Box 16300, 00076 Aalto, Finland
§ - Biomanufacturing Training and Education (BTEC), North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States
Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2014, Vol. 118 (10), p. 5361–5373
doi: 10.1021/jp411469u

Alkanethiols carrying ethylene glycol units (EGnn = 3 or 6) with amine termini (EG3NH2 or EG6NH2) were coadsorbed with a “diluent”, hydroxyl-terminated alkanethiol (EG3OH), to form mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The mixed SAMs were characterized, and hexameric peptide ligand His-Trp-Arg-Gly-Trp-Val (HWRGWV), which shows affinity binding toward the Fc (constant fragment) of human immunoglobulin (IgG), was grafted onto different dilutions of EG6NH2–EG3OH mixed SAMs for preparation of IgG detection surfaces. The specificity toward IgG was optimal for peptides grafted on SAMs prepared from 10% EG6NH2 precursor solution, even though this surface did not have the highest number of peptides per unit area. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) experiments showed that IgG bound to the peptides on the mixed SAM with a dissociation constant Kd of 9.33 × 10–7, maximum binding capacity Qm of 3.177 mg m–2, and adsorption rate constant ka of 1.99 m3 mol–1 s–1. IgG binding from complex mixtures of Chinese Hamster Ovary supernatant (CHO) was investigated on peptides grafted to mixed and pure SAMs. Regeneration of the surfaces was achieved by treatment with 10% acetonitrile in 0.1 M NaOH solution. Overall, the use of peptides grafted on mixed SAMs improved the effectiveness of detection and had an impact on specificity and regeneration of biosensors.


MP-SPR keywords: binding capacity, interaction, kinetics, peptide, protein