Angular scanning and variable wavelength surface plasmon resonance allowing free sensor surface selection for optimum material- and bio-sensing

Publication year: 2018
Authors: Lakayan D. a, b, Tuppurainen J. c, d, Albers M. c, d, van Lint M. J. e, van Iperen D. J. f, Weda J. J. A. g, Kuncova-Kallio J. c, d, Somsen G. W. a, Kool J. a
Affiliations:

a - Division of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085,1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
b - TI-COAST, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
c - BioNavis Ltd., Hermiankatu 6-8 H, 33720 Tampere, Finland
d - Technex B.V., Industrieweg 35, 1521 NE Wormerveer, The Netherlands
e - Division of Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Amsterdam Institute for Molecules, Medicines and Systems(AIMMS), Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
f - Fine Mechanical Instrumentation and Engineering Group, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
g - LaserLaB Amsterdam, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Published in: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 259, 15, 2018, p. 972–979
doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.12.131

A variable-wavelength Kretschmann configuration surface plasmon resonance (SPR) apparatus with angle scanning is presented. The setup provides the possibility of selecting the optimum wavelength with respect to the properties of the metal layer of the sensorchip, sample matrix, and biomolecular interaction of interest. Monitoring SPR curves over a wide angular range (39°) permits simultaneous determination of the total internal reflection angle (TIR), the resonance angle, and the intensity and width of the SPR dip, which are essential parameters for measuring binding events and achieving optimum sensitivity. The new apparatus was evaluated by recording full SPR curves at different wavelengths ranging from 600 to 890 nm using sensor surfaces of silver, gold and gold with deposited silicon oxide, aluminum oxide, titanium oxide and indium tin oxide which were exposed to air and an aqueous solution of sodium chloride. Clear wavelength dependencies of sensor-material resonance angles and SPR-dip widths were demonstrated. In order to investigate the capability of the system to probe molecular binding to different sensor surfaces, the layer-by-layer adsorption of charged polyelectrolytes was monitored in angular scanning mode at 600, 670, 785, and 890 nm. Although at longer wavelengths lower angular shifts were observed as result of layer deposition, the sharper dip, wider detection window and better signal-to-noise ratios at these wavelengths can be beneficial for binding studies. The applicability for biosensing was tested by immobilizing human serum albumin (HSA) on an aluminum-oxide-coated gold sensor using a new procedure and measuring the binding of anti-HSA antibodies at the optimal wavelength (890 nm) in angular-scanning and fixed-angle mode. The HSA biosensor showed negligible non-specific interaction and yielded almost ten times better sensitivity than obtained with a conventional gold-dextran-based sensor operated at 670/785 nm. Analysis of anti-HSA samples pre-incubated with different concentrations of HSA allowed measurement of the IC50 value. The reported data demonstrate the usefulness of the presented variable-wavelength angle-scanning SPR instrument, permitting continuous recording of full SPR curves in time at any selected wavelength in the 600–890 nm range using a sensor material of choice.


MP-SPR keywords: affinity, aluminum oxide, aluminum oxide sensors with immobilized HSA, fixed angle and angular scan measurements, gold, indium tin oxide, kinetics, polyelectrolytes on various substrates, protein – antibody interaction, silicon oxide, silver, thickness, titanium oxide, variable-wavelength from 600 to 890 nm